以太坊社区公开信:为Ethereum社区维持积极的非暴力辩论

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  2019年2月20日晚间,以太坊社区开发者Maria Paula Fernandez与110余位全球的核心开发者联合发布了公开信,Maria Paula Fernandez称因未率先在以太坊魔术师论坛中发布公开信,还导致了已经有人要加剧这一次的“分裂”。

  以下为公开信内容,经金色财经整理。

  此声明是为在这个领域内工作的人表达他们对于诚信问题的关注。贡献者和社区都需要努力实现更健康的讨论实践,并保护彼此免受威胁和暴力。

  基于开源的去中心化项目、hackerspaces和协会的团体每天都在诞生,他们通过教育人们透明、保护自由和点对点软件的价值来促进开发和提高认识。为了取得成功,社区依赖于其贡献者、广大爱好者和利益相关者的宝贵工作。

  不幸的是,我们一次又一次目睹了生态系统成员受害。

  很多行为阻碍了公开讨论,例如人肉,暴力威胁或贿赂不同意的人。就像在上周的一个例子,我们工作最长时间的贡献者之一,也是G?rli 测试网的推进者Afri,收到了大批Reddit用户的言语暴力,他发出的几条推文变成了威胁,黑暗和剧毒,因此被迫进入了风暴中心。在这种强烈压力下,为了保护自己和家人免受来自未知互联网用户的威胁,他决定辞去以太坊核心开发者的职位。

  虽然我们承认Afri的推文的意图是挑衅性的,但这些是以个人身份发表的意见。虽然投诉是有效的,并且其中许多是颇为尊重的提出的,但以太坊社区中的其他人声称他参与了阴谋,要求他立即辞职,甚至还发出个人威胁。

  当任何贡献者(无论是开发者,社区建设者还是其他人)受到攻击,恐吓并故意使其感到不安全时,这会让言论自由变得令人沮丧。

  这不是第一次发生类似的行为了。举几个例子,Lane Rettig关于增加空间多样性的帖子引发了不必要的人身攻击。泰勒·莫纳汉(Taylor Monahan)是绝对的重要贡献者,不知疲倦地倡导人们提高对安全性和可用性的认识。在MyCrypto诞生之后,他也成为了攻击目标。

  当然,以太坊并不是唯一被这种行为破坏的在线加密社区。Jameson Lopp在现实世界中的遭遇是一个匿名者将Jameso误认成一名活跃的枪手,而将武装警察引到他的家中,这是在激烈的辩论中可能造成的另一个可怕例子。正如Jameson所写到的,“如果那天有一些变数,我可能早就死了。”

  我们重申,鉴于项目所处的全球数字环境,我们希望社会各界能尽量就所有决定提供建设性意见。许多生态系统成员对感知到的或潜在的利益冲突表达了合理的担忧。我们也相信这些担忧是合理的,但设计一个社区团结的解决方案需要大量的时间和其他投入。我们呼吁以太坊魔术师社区继续在其论坛以及3月份的巴黎会议上讨论这些关注的问题。

  尽管如此,我们也不能容忍破坏性的行为,即使我们作为一个在某些方面仍需改进的社区。

  我们,作为许多项目背后的贡献者和工作人员,以及那些寻求建立更好系统的人,都认为这些行为远远超出了可接受的辩论标准:无论在什么情况下,对一个人的幸福生活产生威胁都是不合理的,我们拒绝数字社区中的这种伤害。

  我们也相信以太坊社区重视自由,言论自由和隐私,但最重要的是,它重视对所有人的基本尊重,并寻求和建立相应的制度来促进和激励这些价值观。

  也可以这么说,以太坊网络是由HUMANS建立、维护和扩展的。虽然我们是一个全球性的社区,但没有一个人能够全天候24小时随叫随到。尽管许多贡献者代表的是由世界各地的大量人员资助的项目,但这些贡献者有权通过他们选择的任何媒介表达个人意见。

  我们必须保持这些人的精神和情感健康,尤其是他们为了实现以太坊的使命和愿景时而经常夜以继日的无偿工作。因此,我们在此支持Afri,并随时支持并保护任何受到恐吓的其他人。

  最后,以太坊社区的整体治理问题非常紧迫,我们作为一个社区必须要解决这个问题。这些问题包括如何将核心开发者/贡献者的决策和行动置于更大范围的审查之中,并且确保我们社区当前的权力结构不会使合法的利益相关者边缘化。

  以太坊远非完美。和任何其他链一样,我们正在尝试前所未有的技术,引领前沿会引发剧烈动荡。因此,当我们建立更强大的系统让我们所有人受益时,让我们共同努力确保我们建立更好的协议来表达社区重点以及管理自己。最后,请参加今年3月将在巴黎举行的会谈。

  共同发起的全球以太坊开发者

  Signatures (sorted alphabetically)

  Adam Kolar (Solidified)

  Adrian Manning (Sigma Prime - Lighthouse eth 2.0)

  Aidan Hyman (ChainSafe Systems- Lodestar eth 2.0 )

  Alex Boerger (ETHBerlin - DoD)

  Alex Van de Sande (Ethereum Foundation)

  Andreas Wallendahl (ConsenSyS, kauri)

  Andrew (@cyber_hokie, AO.capital, EthHub Contributor)

  Anthony Lusardi (ETC Cooperative)

  Arjun Bhuptani (Connext)

  Arlyn Culwick (the Blocknet)

  Artem Kharlamov (@crypto_eli5)

  Auryn Macmillan (Colony)

  Ben Edgington (PegaSys)

  Billy Rennekamp (Clovers.network, Cosmos, Gnosis, ENSNifty, 365体育 Memelordz)

  Boris Mann

  Bryant Eisenbach (fubuloubu)

  Caspar Schwa (DoD - ETHBerlin - brainbot)

  Chelsea Palmer (Carpe Lunam Events)

  Chris Fenos (ChainSafe Systems- Lodestar eth 2.0)

  Chris Hutchinson (Status)

  Coogan Brennan (ConsenSys Academy)

  Corey Petty (Status, Hashing It Out, The Bitcoin Podcast Network)

  Daud Zulfacar (license.rocks - Berlin Blockchain Week)

  Dave Appleton (HelloGold, Akomba Labs)

  David Ansermino (ChainSafe)

  Dean Eigenmann (ENS & ZK Labs)

  Devon Krantz (Linum Labs)

  Diederik Loerakker (Eth 2.0 contrib.)

  Dustin Brickwood (ChainSafe - Lodestar eth 2.0)

  E.G. Galano (@egalano Infura)

  Elias Haase (B9lab - DoD)

  Elissa Shevinsky (ETH Secure group, Soho Token Labs)

  Elizabeth Binks 365官网 (ChainSafe)

  exiledsurfer (DoD)

  Fábio Hildebrand (Solidified)

  Fanny Lakoubay (Snark.art)

  Fauve Altman (State of the DApps - BerChain)

  Franziska Heintel (Brainbot - DoD)

  Gary Bernstein (CoTrader.com)

  Gon?alo Sá (@GNSPS)

  Gregory Markou (ChainSafe)

  Guto Martino (Dezentral - DoD)

  Helena Flack (Quantstamp - ETHBerlin- DoD)

  Harry Denley

  Holger Drewes (EthereumJS)

  Hudson Jameson (Ethereum Foundation)

  Igor Mandrigin (Status)

  Jacek Sieka (Status)

  Jack Gane (Authio)

  James Beck (ConsenSys)

  James Hancock (a Nobody in Berlin)

  James Moreau (@jrmoreau)

  James Quinn (Independent Ethereum Developer)

  Jamie Pitts (Eth. Foundation, Eth. Magicians, Eth. Financial Tools)

  Jason Civalleri (UNH 365体育 Law Adjunct Professor)

  Jér?me de Tychey (Asseth - ConsenSys)

  John Light (Aragon One)

  Josef Jelacic (Ethereum Foundation, Institute of Cryptoanarchy)

  Joshua Mir (Parity Tech)

  Josh Stark (L4, ETHGlobal)

  Kirill Pimenov (Parity Tech)

  Kris Jones (Canada - just a social researcher that wants to see blockchain succeed and maintain healthy feedback mechanisms)

  Laura Giron (ConsenSys Design @lauragirons)

  Leo Arias (Zeppelin)

  Levi Morris (Lambdeth)

  ligi (EF - WallETH - DoD)

  Lili Feyerabend (radi.cards - DoD)

  Luke Anderson (Sigma Prime - Lighthouse eth 2.0)

  Maciej Hirsz (Parity Tech)

  María Paula Fernández (Golem- ETHBerlin - DoD)

  Martin Holst Swende (EF)

  Martin Lundfall (Dapphub)

  Martin Quensel (Centrifuge)

  Matej Nemcek (Progressbar, @yangwao, independent Ethereum developer)

  Matt Condon (XLNT)

  Maurelian (ConsenSys Diligence)

  Mick Ayzenberg (Security Innovation)

  Michael Yankelev (Linum Labs)

  Simona Pop (Bounties Network)

  Maya Byskov (Centrifuge - Berlin Blockchain Week)

  Mehdi Zerouali (Sigma Prime - Lighthouse eth 2.0)

  Mudit Gupta (Polymath)

  Nathalia Scherer (DAOstack)

  Nick Johnson (Ethereum Name Service)

  Nick Munoz-McDonald (Melon Technical Council)

  Nicolas Liochon (ConsenSys - PegaSys)

  Niran Babalola (Panvala)

  Oliver Nordbjerg (@ONordbjerg)

  Paul Hauner (Sigma Prime)

  Paul Vienhage - (Authio)

  Pet3rpan (MetaCartel)

  Philip Stehlik (Centrifuge - DoD)

  Piper Merriam (Snake Charmer)

  Preston Van Loon (Prysmatic Labs - Prysm eth 2.0)

  Priom Chowdhury (ChainSafe - Lodestar eth 2.0)

  Raul Romanutti (Parity Tech - DoD)

  Rex Hygate (SecurEth)

  Rhys Lindmark (MIT DCI, Grey Mirror)

  Robert Bent (Ethereum Foundation)

  Robert Habermeier (Parity Tech)

  Ryan Noble (Linum Labs)

  Scott Lewis (Concourse Open Community)

  Scott Moore (Gitcoin)

  Shiv Malik (Streamr)

  Stina Gustafsson (DoD)

  Stu Peters (Chainsafe)

  Terence Tsao (Prysmatic Labs - Prysm eth 2.0)

  Tim Beiko - (PegaSys)

  Tim Daubenschütz (Independent Ethereum Developer)

  Tomasz Kolinko (Eveem)

  Will Villanueva (R&D)

  Yalda Mousavinia (Autark - Space Decentral)

  Yaniv Fe

  Ziggy Zeidan (POA Network)

  英文原稿如下:

  This statement is a collaborative effort for people working in the space to voice their concerns on integrity. Both contributors and community need to work towards healthier discussion practices and protect each other from threats and violence.

  Entities around open source decentralized projects, hackerspaces, and associations are born every day to promote development and to grow awareness by educating people about the value of software that is transparent, protective of freedom and aids peer-to-peer coordination. In order to succeed, these communities depend upon the invaluable work of their contributors, wider enthusiasts and stakeholders.

  Unfortunately, time and time again we have witnessed ecosystem members engage in toxic

  behavior that discourages open discussion such as doxxing, violent threats, or brigading against people they disagree with. In an instance just last week, one of our longest standing contributors, and the catalyzer of the G?rli Testnet, Afri, received a wave of verbal violence from some Redditors, forced into the center of a storm on r/ethtrader which, triggered by a couple of tweets issued by him, turned menacing, dark and deeply toxic. Under stress from this backlash and to protect himself and his family from threats coming from unknown internet users, he made the decision to leave his position as a core Ethereum developer.

  While we acknowledge that the intention of Afri’s tweets was to be provocative, these were opinions made in a personal capacity. And while complaints were valid and many of those were made respectfully, others within the wider Ethereum community resorted to impugning Afri’s reputation by asserting his involvement in wild conspiracies, demanding his immediate resignation, and most disturbing of all, issuing personal threats.

  It is hugely upsetting and chills free speech when any contributor, whether a developer, community builder or otherwise, is attacked, intimidated and is deliberately made to feel unsafe.

  This is far from the first time similar acts have been perpetrated. To give a few examples, Lane Rettig’s thoughtful post on increasing diversity in the space sparked unnecessary ad hominem comments 1.Taylor Monahan, who has been an utterly invaluable contributor to the space, tirelessly spearheading initiatives to raising awareness about security and usability, was also targeted following the birth of MyCrypto and then again, for expressing positive remarks about non-Ethereum technologies.

  Of course, Ethereum is not the only online crypto community being damaged by such behaviour. Jameson Lopp’s very real world ordeal caused by an anonymous person deliberately mis-identifying Jameson as an active shooter thereby drawing armed police to his home is yet another awful example of the intimidation that can be wrought in the midst of very heated debates. As Jameson wrote, “had a few variables been different that day, I could easily be dead.”

  We reiterate that the community aims to welcome constructive feedback on all decisions as best we can, given the global, digital environment of our project. Many ecosystem members have voiced valid concerns regarding influential players’ perceived or potential conflicts of interest, a more formalized recognition of how backlash can form when someone speaks provocatively in a widely used social media platform, and information for strong contributors who might be vulnerable to burnout. We also believe these concerns are valid, though designing a solution that the community can rally around will take time and lots of input. We call on the Fellowship of Ethereum Magicians to continue discussing these (and other) valid concerns in their forums and at the Paris meeting in March. Nonetheless, we cannot tolerate destructive behavior even if there are areas we can improve as a community.

  We, the undersigned, contributors and workers behind scores of projects, and those seeking to build better systems, feel that these actions have gone far beyond acceptable standards of debate: whatever the circumstance, threats against a person’s well-being can never be justified and we categorically reject such toxicity in digital communities.

  We also believe the Ethereum community values freedom, free speech, and privacy, but above all, it values basic respect for all human beings and seeks to promote and build systems which in turn promote and incentivize those very values.

  It should also be said that the Ethereum network is built, maintained and scaled by HUMANS. Though we are a global community, no single individual can be expected to be on call 24/7. Although many contributors represent projects funded by a vast array of people around the world, those contributors are entitled to express personal opinions through any medium they choose.

  We must preserve the mental and emotional health of those humans – especially as they labor through their nights, weekends, often without pay in order to manifest the mission and vision of Ethereum. So we support Afri in this respect and will stand by and protect any others that are being intimidated, at any given time.

  Finally, Ethereum governance as a whole is a very pressing issue, which we as a community have yet to resolve. Those issues include how to hold the decisions and actions of core devs/contributors to wider scrutiny, and also ensuring that our community’s current power structures don’t sideline stakeholders with legitimate concerns.

  Ethereum is far from perfect. Like any other chain, we are experimenting with technologies never seen before. Navigating the frontier of discovery throws up the greatest turbulence. So as we build stronger systems for all of us to benefit, let’s also work together to ensure that we build better protocols for expressing community concerns and governing ourselves. To this end please join the conversation this March in Paris.


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